Epidemiology of Chronic kidney Disease of Patients Aged 20 Years and above Attending at King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Buraidah City, Qassim Province, Saudi Arabia

Abdulrahman Hassan AlJaafari *

Family Medicine Academy, Qassim Health Cluster, Qassim Province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Chandra Sekhar Kalevaru

Family Medicine Academy, Qassim Health Cluster, Qassim Province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Hachem Mawjoud Al Mukdad

King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Buraidah, Qassim Health Cluster, Saudi Arabia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Background: Literature suggested that kidney related problems could be due to multi factorial origin from irrational use of more analgesics, long term complications of many non-communicable common diseases like hypertension and Diabetes and we noticed people at early age landed with kidney problems. The objectives of the study are to determine the demographic factors, prevalence of risk factors association with renal failure patients.

Methodology: This was a cross sectional study conducted among the patients visiting to inpatient and outpatient department of Nephrology unit at King Fahad Specialist Hospital and Buraidah central hospital during the period from the September 2021 to December 2022. During the one-year period from September 2021 to November 2022 distributed the questionnaire to 200 patients. Data entered in statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) and descriptive and inferential statistics like regression analysis was performed.

Results: In the present study, the mean age and standard deviation was 53.16 ± 13.29 and 53.6% were males. About 18.6% smoking, 32.9% not practising salt restriction, 39.3% were using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), 52.9% were diabetes mellitus, 81.4% were hypertensives and 25.7% were having cardio vascular disease (CVD). Duration of renal failure was significantly associated with urinary tract infection, smoking and duration of CVD (P<0.05).

Conclusions: Based on the study findings, there is increase prevalence of NSAID use, dyslipidaemia, smoking and uncontrolled status of common co-morbidities. There is a need of community awareness is required and also focus more on existing awareness programs in the population.

Keywords: Risk factors of renal failure, smoking, dialysis status, duration of renal failure, co-morbidities, Saudi Arabia

How to Cite

AlJaafari , A. H., Kalevaru , C. S., & Mukdad , H. M. A. (2023). Epidemiology of Chronic kidney Disease of Patients Aged 20 Years and above Attending at King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Buraidah City, Qassim Province, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Advances in Nephrology Research, 6(1), 11–19. Retrieved from https://journalijanr.com/index.php/IJANR/article/view/38


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